SPACE WEATHER MONITORING
The HEliospheric pioNeer for sOlar and interplanetary threats defeNce (HENON) is a new mission concept conceived to address the widely recognized need to make a leap forward in the Space Weather (SWE) forecasting and science. The HENON baseline foresees one 12U CubeSat orbiting along a Distant Retrograde Orbit (DRO) of the Sun-Earth system. ASRO is participating in the development of the state-of-the-art radiation monitor for the mission. The radiation monitor will provide high-resolution measurements of energetic particle spectra, making HENON the first mission ever providing a real time monitoring of the particle radiation environment in the deep space.
ASRO is part of the Finnish consortium to deliver X-ray Flux Monitor (XFM) to NOAA’s Space Weather Next Lagrange 1 Series satellite. ASRO is responsible for the design of the instrument electronics, including algorithm for digital pulse analysis on FPGA. The XFM technology has been proven with the XFM-CS instrument, launched in 2021 to low Earth orbit (see below). The full-scale version of the instrument is around four times larger with redundant detectors and enlarged observing apertures.
X-ray Flux Monitor (XFM) is an innovative solar X-ray spectrometer for measuring and characterizing solar flares. The in-orbit demonstration of the instrument was carried out on-board the SUNSTORM 1 CubeSat, which was launched to Sun-synchronous low Earth orbit in August 2021. Since then, XFM-CS has observed hundreds of X-ray flares and proved the XFM concept. In XFM-CS project, ASRO was responsible for the development of electronics, algorithm for digital pulse analysis on FPGA and EGSE.
R-ESC is one of five Expert Service Centres in ESA’s Space Weather Service Network. R-ESC provides tools for monitoring, modelling and forecasting particle radiation and its effects on technology and biological organisms in near-Earth space. As an expert consultant for R-ESC, ASRO provides tools related to modelling of high energy solar proton and heavy ion radiation.